Information Exchange and Awareness
on LANDFILL of Waste
Each year about 1.3 billion tonnes of waste are produced by the
citizens of the European Union and require adequate treatment. The European Commission
has taken various measures to reduce the amount of waste by supporting appropriate
treatment, reuse, recycling and recovery of waste. Nevertheless a huge amount of waste
is still landfilled.
To reduce environmental and health impacts of this disposal method
the European legislation, especially Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste and
Decision 2003/33/EC on acceptance criteria for waste, set high requirements for the
authorisation, operation, closure and aftercare of landfills. This includes technical
standards, acceptance procedures, limit values, monitoring and control activities.
Within the last years many activities were initiated to meet this requirements, however
many landfills do still not fully comply with the legal requirements.